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Vol 1 Issue 8

Volume  1  Issue  8


 Ali Hamidizadeh,Hasan Koolivand, Fatemeh Hajkarimi

Is workaholism antecedent of Burn out?

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Abstract: The main purpose of this research is explaining workaholism in role of antecedent of burn out. For this 77 faculty members of Qom universities selected in random sampling method. Workaholism and burn out (consisted from there components: Emotional exhaustion, Personal accomplishment and Depersonalization) are variables of research. In measuring workaholism questionnaire of Spence and Robbins is used and For measuring burn out, Maslach burnout inventory-general scale (MBI-GS) is used. To analyze causal relationships between constructs, the structural equation modeling (SEM) approach with Warp pls 3.0 software, is adopted. According to obtained results, Workaholism is significantly linked to Emotional exhaustion, Personal accomplishment and Depersonalization. Therefor it can be consider as antecedent of components of burn out


 Midhusha Johny , Rathinasamy Subashkumar

Phenotypic and Genotypic Discrimination of Multifactorial Virulent Aeromonas hydrophila in Clinical and Environmental Samples

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Abstract: The prevalence of Aeromonas hydrophila from various samples (clinical and environmental) were analysed and confirming the percentage incidence of the organism. 16S rRNA–PCR analysis assists the identification of species of Aeromonas and also posing their epidemiology. All strains were showed the multi-drug resistance and MAR index showed that all the isolates may be originated from high risk sources. Virulent assays like haemolytic activity, serum susceptibility, and cytotoxicity confirming the frequency of virulence. Cytotoxic activity showed the effect of toxins on cancer cell lines (MCF- 7). In the investigation, we determined different virulent genes like hae, hly A, aer A and asc U provides evidence for mutifactorial activities, which is encoded by the virulence factors like haemolysin, aerolysin and type three secretion systems which are potentially pathogenic. The determination of different virulent factor is a key component for the strong pathogenecity. RAPD-PCR could be highly reproducible, reliable and exactitude. On this basis, we came to a conclusion that presence of virulent A. hydrophila posed highly health risks towards human and other animals.


Omotoso, Oluwatuyi (Ph.D), Omotoba, Nathaniel Ileri, Ogunleye, Gbenga Peter

Agriculture Produce Impacts on Development: The Case of the Production of Local Rice in Selected Communities of Irepodun/Ifelodun Local Government Area of Ekiti State, Nigeria

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Abstract: Agriculture has for once been the main source of income in Nigeria, but during the oil boom era, agriculture was sidelined for petroleum products as the major source of income, since then, agricultural products has suffered significant setback as most of our food were imported from foreign countries, apart from the fact that many people are no more interested in agriculture, most youths now migrate to urban centres in search of white-collared jobs. This study thus looks in the impacts of agricultural produce on development using selected rice producing communities of Irepodun/Ifelodun Local Government Area of Ekiti State as case study. It employs the agricultural land use theory and the productivity concept as the basis of its theoretical underpinning. The study involves the use of descriptive research design and the primary source of data collection in a bid to collecting relevant data from producers and consumers using 200 questionnaires. The data collected were presented using the descriptive statistics. The study examines the problems confronting rice production in the study area and suggests recommendations for the remedies of the noted problems. The study will be of great help to researchers and government agencies.


Jagdamba Dixit1, Anil K Dixit, Yogesh Yadav

An epidemiological insight of malaria outbreak in a residential complex of a defence establishment in Gujrat state of India

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Abstract Introduction: Kutch area in Gujrat state of India is high endemic area for BT malaria. After devastating earthquake of 26 Jan 2001 in the region, number of malaria cases increased in the region. A closed campus of defence establishment witnessed an outbreak of BT malaria in 2005 due to local transmission confirmed by epidemiological investigation. Material and methods: On receiving the information of an abnormal rise in the number of cases a team headed by a senior epidemiologist was sent to investigate the outbreak. On submission of report the team was asked to implement control measures to prevent its further transmission. Results: A large number of cases reported in the campus with a high slide positivity rate of 27.07 percent and API of 75.12 per thousand population in 2005. Majority of them (99.17 percent) were BT malaria cases. Family members were affected most (API 106.66) as compared to the Air Force employees (API 33.57). A spleen rate of 1.04 percent and an infant parasite rate of 10.81 percent revealed a high transmission among the children. Discussion: Population residing in the campus had BT malaria epidemic with very high percentage of cases among younger population. The main cause of epidemic was failure of the measures for prevention and control. Local transmission of malaria was caused by An. stephensi which was found to breed heavily in pools, ditches, overhead tanks and static tanks. Clinical cases reported with fever and confirmed by blood smear examination were neither treated nor reported to higher authorities. Antimalarial activities were also not conducted as per the guidelines mentioned in the directives of defence services. The epidemic was controlled effectively by adopting the measures advised by the investigating team.


Jha Ajay Kumar1, Pawaiya Amit Singh, Pathak N K

An Epidemiological Study of Factors Associated With Acute Diarrheal Diseases in Children 1-4 Years of Age in an Urban Slum of Pune City

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Abstract: Every year some 12 million children in developing countries die before they reach their fifth birthday, Many during the first year of life. 7 in 10 deaths are due to acute respiratory infections, diarrhea, measles, malaria or malnutrition or a combination of these conditions. This longitudinal study is formulated with the objectives to determine the incidence of diarrhea among urban children and study some of the epidemiological factors responsible for such morbidity. By using Pre design semi structure questionnaire, a Cross Sectional Study was conducted on 195 children of 1-4 year aged by house to house visit residing in the Landewadi slum, Pune from Nov 2008- Dec 2009.There were 346 households from which 195 children formed the study population. In the present study incidence of acute diarrhea was highest in monsoon season and lowest in winter. The incidence of acute diarrheal disease was higher in male as compare to female and the difference was not statistically significant. Children in the age group of 13-24 months had the highest incidence of diarrhea. Among the risk factor similar child living in overcrowded space, living in house with insanitary excreta disposal and with poor water supply had a higher risk of acute diarrhea. Risk of diarrhea was 2.7 times more in undernourished children as compare to normal nutrition stats children. This study examined the relative strength of the different factors contributing to diarrhea among young children in India. The results point to the importance of good hygiene practices within the home in reducing the incidence of diarrhea among young children. Furthermore, children born to undernourished, i.e. anemic, mothers may be more susceptible to infection than children whose mothers are well nourished.


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