Home » Archive » Vol 1 Issue 4

Vol 1 Issue 4

Volume  1  Issue  4

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Kumar Raghvendra,  Rai Divyarth, Jaiswal  Ashish

Hindi to Bundelkhandi Language Machine Translation

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: In this paper we describes a Hindi to bundelkhandi language machine translation system the developed by using a popular open source tool called Apertium tool. We are taking the example of India there are 1.20 billion people, 18 officially recognized languages that they are speaking, 30 regional languages that are the type of local language and over 2000 dialects the multi-lingual society of India needs well developed international communication tools for the Indian citizens to exchange their ideas or view to another person from another country or another district or state to put their view publically very easily. Hindi is the mother tongue for the Indian citizen that person belong to India, there are still lots of person from the different places that are unable to understand the Hindi language. If consider the area of the Madhya Pradesh there are approx 40% of people are unable to talk or even not able to understand the Hindi language. They only know their local languages that are bundelkhandi language. For that we need to help that kind of people we need to develop a tool or software that are helpful to them understand that things that, so for convert that Hindi language or English language used the Apertium platform due to several reasons. This tool is very well suited for building machine translation systems between closely related language pairs, such as Hindi to bundelkhandi due to its shallow parser level transfer modules.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Bari Harshal Sunil

Household Security System Based on Ultrasonic  Sensor Technology with SMS Notification

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Traditional Household Security Systems often require installation and detect on the based of opening doors and windows. In the cases where installation is not possible and/or the area of interest has no door our ultrasonic security system will come in handy because it requires no installation, and detects intruders based on their physical presence. Security is an important part of home, especially if we are going to share our house with prior strangers without lock on our room door. And we anticipate that many college students could face similar problem. What is not to love about a device that looks like WALL-E scans around for possible intruders? In case of intruders, it sends off sound alarm and alerts the owner via message. It is also password protected and could be disabled via the correct password. In this paper, a highly advanced ultrasonic and an At89c51microcontroller are used to alert the security personals. Ultrasonic sensor is sensitive to any human movement. It detects infrared radiation coming from any alive body. At89c51 microcontroller is used for main module. In activated condition, when an intruder enters the prohibited area, sensor trigger main module zones, which in turn sends the message to the central camp and a visual and audible alert is produced. Security is an important part of home, especially if we are going to share a house with prior strangers without a lock on our room door. Here GSM Modem is used to send the message to owners mobile when the unwanted person crosses the in the prohibited area. It is also password protected and could be disabled via the correct password.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mohammadbagher Mohammadinejad Pashaki , Reza Tehrani , Gholamreza jandaghi

Performance Evaluation of Mutual Funds based on Modern and Postmodern Portfolio Theory Criteria: Evidence from Tehran Stock Exchange

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Mutual funds are moving rapidly towards financial market development in response to huge market demand in Iran.so what is needed is a useful and applicable method for appraising and selecting them. Performance evaluation is one the most important point in investment .therefore, in this research we tried to compute and compare the performance of mutual funds by different models and compare them to market. So we have chosen 14 active mutual funds during the year 2008 to 2012 and calculate the risks and returns of these mutual funds, then we analyzed hypotheses. Results show that performance evaluation of modern and postmodern theory gives different ranking. At this period some mutual funds showed better performance than market and some on the contrary .Also results show that postmodern portfolio criteria were more successful for predicting return than modern criteria. At the end results of research recommend the use of postmodern criteria which are based on downside risk.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Kamal Barzegar Bafrouei,  Mohammad Ali Sarlak, Seyed Mohammad Mahmoudi ,Gholamreza Jandaghi  

Evaluating the Use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)in Higher Education Institutes from Managers’ Point of View

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The aim of this research is to increase managers understanding of the role of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in higher education, and benefits of its results. This research attempts to study the universities and higher education institutes’ managers’ point of view in the city of Qom towards the use of ICT in these organizations. In the present study, investigated the universities are compared in terms of ICT usage. This research is considered as applicative in terms of purpose, and explorative-field survey in terms of methods. After data analysis using SPSS software, we found that the use of ICT in studied universities from the perspective of managers is conducive. Also by ranking the universities in usage of ICT, it was found that the Research Institute of Hawzah and University and Qom Islamic Azad University are located at the highest and the lowest level, respectively.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Preeti Goswami , Yogesh Yadav, Chakradhar V

 Sacral Foramina: Anatomical Variations and Clinical Relevance in North Indians

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract : Lateral side of each intermediate crest has four dorsal sacral foramina for the passage of posterior division of the sacral nerves. Not only they serve as an important landmark in placement of spinal instrumentation but are also of great importance in trans-sacral block of sacral nerves for producing analgesia and anesthesia in pelvic surgeries. Therefore a study on the variation in number of dorsal sacral foramina was conducted in 80 adult dry North Indian sacra. Three dorsal sacral foramina were seen on the lateral side of each intermediate crest in two sacra (2.5%) and five in 2 sacra (2.5%) amongst all the sacra examined. This study revealed that there is variation in the number of dorsal sacral foramina. Anesthetists should be aware of this disparity to be able to perform trans-sacral nerve block successfully. Radiologists must also know about this variation to interpret the radiographs of lumbo-sacral region. Neurologist and orthopedist should also be cognizant of this fact to diagnose patients presenting with bizarre clinical findings.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Yogesh Yadav, Preeti Goswami, Chakradhar V

Bilateral Anomalous Pattern of Axillary & Subscapular Nerve of Brachial Plexus

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract:Variant branching pattern of the cords of brachial plexus has been an area of concern for surgeons opting to explore this region. Anaesthetic blocks and surgical approaches are the highlights of these interventions, where a keen familiarization of the anatomy of this region is mandatory. The present case description reports a bilateral variant branching pattern of the posterior cord in an adult male cadaver. Right posterior cord gave upper subscapular nerve and did not give the lower subscapular nerve. Axillary nerve arises proximal to the thoracodorsal nerve. After giving thoracodorsal nerve posterior cord continued as radial nerve. There is an unusual branch from right axillary nerve which supplied teres major and sent twig to lower fibers of subscapularis muscle. Left upper subscapular nerve divided into two branches and supplied the subscapularis muscle. Left axillary nerve enclosed by some fiber of subscapularis muscle, with in the fibers of subscapularis axillary nerve gave an unusual branch to teres major and then it continues in quadrangular space. Inspite of uncountable reports on variations of brachial plexus, descriptions regarding anomalous branching patterns hold enormous clinical significance for the radiologists, anesthetists and surgeons, besides being of academic interest for the anatomists.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Dr. Rajendra  Kumar  Jatav,  Dr. Mamta  B. Kumbhare , Dr. Alugubelly Keerthi Reddy ,Dr. Pekra  Ragini Rao 

An Isolated Atrial Septal Aneurysm and its morphological types in Adult with Migraine patients: A Trans-Thoracic-Two-Dimensional Echocardiography Study

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: An atrial septal aneurysm is a rare but well recognized cardiac abnormality of uncertain clinical relevance. Migraine has long been considered a risk factor for stroke. ASA is often observed in young patients with ischemic stroke and is frequently associated with other conditions potentially leading to embolism. The aim of the study is to find the prevalence and morphological types of Isolated ASA in adult patients with migraine in south India. During study period we performed TTE in 180 consecutive patients and diagnosis of ASA was performed according to Alexander Olivares-Reyes criteria. The prevalence of isolated ASA was higher in patients with migraine with aura (34.28%) than in patients with migraine without aura (9.09%) [p <.005] or in control subjects (4.71%) [p < .005]. Five different types of Isolated ASA were diagnosed in the present study and each one had echocardiographic characteristics. Type 2L (41.17%) and Type 4LR (26.47%), were most common type of ASA and both were more common in adult female patients with migraine. Our data suggest a role of ASA in the genesis of aura in patients with migraine. The present study pointed out a high prevalence of PFO in female patients with migraine with aura.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Zahra Jafari  

The study of possible factors related to Non-Carious Cervical Lesions

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Non-Carious Cervical Lesions (NCCLs) are characterized by the loss of teeth structures in the cervical area that are not related to caries. The purpose of this study was to investigate factors related to NCCLs. The cervical areas of all the teeth of 150 patients who had referred to the Operative Department of Dental School, and were aged above eighteen were examined. During the examination process, such factors as age, tooth sensitivity, wear facet presence, para-functional habits, teeth prominence, tooth brush types, acidic drinks, and short frenum were evaluated and recorded in information sheets. 150 patients were examined (56 men and 94 women) with the average age of 30.4 ±11.6. Results showed that 77.3 % of patients had at least one case of NCCL. 94.3 % of these lesions were found in buccal surface. The most frequently affected teeth were the mandibular left canines. Lesions on the left side of dental arch were more frequent than the right side. There was a direct relation between aging and the occurrence of NCCL (p < 0.05). The prevalence of these lesions was not related to sex. There are not any significant relationships between the other examined factors and NCCL (p > 0.05). It seems that only aging was associated with NCCLs among other factors.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Zahedi Arismani abolfazli, Dashti Reza  

Railway Networks and Introduce and Explain the Challenges Distributed To the Railroad

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Railway signaling and control systems That have been developed throughout the history of the industry, despite the Influential role the safety and operation of trains Challenges and problems are now.To solve these problems, these systems must Use day and new technologies are restructuring. Developed countries as well as some of the rail industry Drawing on its experience and technology in Europe and Japan. Usually more effective than others in the industry are the source of change.But the setup and use of these technologies New challenges and problems associated with, Challenges outlined in this paper has tried to prevent their expression.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Ulla, Mark B., Maelt

Meranao Folksongs: A Revelation of the Behavioral Patterns, Culture and Practices

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: This paper is a descriptive literary study of the translated Meranao folksongs which embody the unique and distinct culture of the Meranao as one of the minority groups in Mindanao, Philippines. There were only ten translated Meranao folksongs that were selected and included for the analysis and interpretation since they were rich in cultural practices that could describe the Meranao community. The folksongs that were used in this paper came from various secondary sources, published and unpublished works of some well-known Meranao and non-Meranao scholars. In addition, these songs had undergone text validation of the English translation by a native Meranao who is skilled in the English language to ensure the validity of the transcription. For many years now, lots of Muslim scholars try to preserve and compile the Meranao culture in any way possible thinking that the knowledge will no longer be available after many years. It is then compulsory to look back into the richness of the oral literary past in which traditional values, traits and cultural practices are reflected. Thus, a study of one of the forms of Meranao folk literature -folksongs is called for. It was found out that these folksongs were really rich in customs, behavioral patterns, characteristics and practices that made its culture and society distinctively unique.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Mohd Sah, Mira Asmida, Habidin, Nurul Fadly, Md Latip, Nor Azrin, Salleh, Mad Ithnin

Supply Chain Management (SCM) Practices and Continuous Innovation (CI) in Malaysian Automotive Industry

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Abdollatif Sepahi, , Seyed Gholamreza Jalali Naini

Multi-manned Assembly Line Balancing Problem with Variable Task Times

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: In many real world assembly lines the product is of large size and more than one worker operates on the same workpiece in each station. In this paper the multi-manned assembly line (MAL) balancing problem is considered. Typically in the literature of MAL it is assumed that the task times are deterministic and independent of other factors. However in real world assembly lines it is common to expect a greater task time when the number of workers in a station increases. This situation hasn’t been considered in the previous studies on MAL. In this paper it is assumed that task times are dependent on the concentration of workers in the station. A mathematical formulation is presented to solve this problem with the objective of minimizing the number of stations. Since the problem is NP-hard, four heuristic procedures are developed to solve this problem. Computational results show the performance of these heuristics.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Chen, Yong

Code-switching as an Indirect Refusal Strategy in Business Workplace Discourse

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: This paper explores the social function of code-switching as an indirect refusal strategy in business workplace discourse. Workplace discourse often deals with various strategies of making requests, expressing refusal to the requests, negotiating over decisions and exercising power through language. The social function of code-switching plays an important role in bilingual workplace discourse and has an effect on the negotiation between interlocutors. By analyzing an excerpt from a Chinese movie, Go Lala Go, code-switching is found to be employed when one of the interlocutors shifts to a new topic, adjusts social distance, attempts to construct a particular sentence structure in one language, or assigns obligations and rights, in order to achieve certain communicative goals. Ultimately, this paper argues that the use of code-switching during negotiation reveals an asymmetrical power relation in the workplace.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Raj, Sony. J, Sreekumar, Rohini

Dynamics of ‘Terror Reporting’ Indian Media and the Changing Perspective on Terrorism

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Today, no country is left untouched by the bitter hands of terrorism, where media plays a very critical role as an informer, forecaster, and at the worst a mediator. India is one of those SAARC countries which are frequently being threatened with terrorist activities. Even though being one of the largest media scenes, Indian media never indulged in going deep into the issues of terrorism. In the competitive run for visual treat, media lose the opportunity to elucidate and investigate the terrorist attacks which is frequenting in the Indian soil. Media being the indispensable part of terrorist and anti-terrorist activities in India, this paper examines what need to be the role, responsibilities, and the nature of treating an issue like terrorist attacks.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

Share on LinkedIn0Email this to someoneShare on Google+0Tweet about this on TwitterShare on Facebook0Share on Reddit0Pin on Pinterest0Digg thisPrint this page