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Vol 1 Issue 3

Volume  1  Issue  3

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Prof.Dr.Badawy, Usama 

Climate Conditions Impact on the Architectural Design in Palestine

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Abstract: The relation between architecture and climate is a key factor influencing the origin and development of architecture. Climate and environment challenges the designers from many years, owners and the masons can always come over the building materials by local affordable materials, and can solve structural problems depending on the previous experiences and in some cases by inventions, the main problematic and challengeable exercise is to save energy and to safeguard the environment. This paper summarizes adaptive practice in vernacular Architecture with emphasis on constructing in the hot-summer and cold-winter zone. Secondly, the paper explores the exhibition of the wind condition in different city configurations and different types of architecture. The final part contains recommendation and suggesting for the future planning and designing.

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Dodo Obediah , Prof. Nsenduluka Everisto , Prof. Kasanda Sichalwe. M

 Traditional Taboos and Conflict Resolution: An Exploration of the Nexus

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Abstract: Taboos are social regulatory systems which are community specific and seek to control the conduct of members of the community. These are world-over mechanisms. Zimbabwe is one country where the taboo systems have been in use for a long period to regulate societal behaviour. This paper is based an on-going research on the role of traditional taboos in restraining the behaviour of the society especially in conflict resolution. The research is being conducted among the Shona people in Mazowe and Shamva districts, Zimbabwe. It is a desk analysis of various scholars’ perceptions about the subject. Most scholars proffer different views about taboos with some supporting their roles in society while some simply describe them as ‘avoidance rules’ and myths. Some literature also presented current evidence on the effects of the avenging spirits; to some extent confirming the reality of some taboos. It is concluded that taboos have played an important role in societal regulation and control systems. However, it has been realized that while taboos have an element of falsehood, the concept can be revisited with a view to re-introduce it back in the society through a variety of means.

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Singh, Dr. R.P.

 Indian Novel in English in Twenty First Century

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Abstract: The present time has brought many avenues before human race, and a human being is almost baffled in making a choice. In the same tone, in the twenty-first century India the creative tension of Indian novelists in English leads those to accept a ‘glocalised’ situation where they get allured to the international charm but feel tortured by many a transcultural and commercial forces in the smooth sail of their vision. This juxtaposition results in creating an alternative sub-cultural landscape which gets cemented in a neo-Indianness which on the one hand claims certain association with the icons like Che Guevara, Pentagon, and Hollywood, and on the other keeps a root intact in re-making a ‘Malgudi’of their own. Many a times the literary aesthetics slips into a tone of social document. Literarture, in the contemporary times, is rather a product of market forces and socio-economic pushes. The present paper focuses on different issues and thematic perspectives in modern Indian novel writing in English.

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Dr. ZRIBA, Hassen

 Representation of “Ethnic Residential Segregation” in British Post-2001 Race Riots National Reports.

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Abstract: After the 2001 race riots in some Northern British cities, ethnic residential patterns were largely read as the principal trigger of such race-related violence. Ethnic residential patterns were, thus, represented as a self-imposed segregation rather than the outcome of racist or specific socio-economic constraints. This article employs critical discourse analysis tools in order to decipher the various discursive formations that were created so as to “ethnicize” and criminalize residential patterns of ethnic minorities in cities like Bradford, Burnley and Oldham. Two major race-related reports will be scrutinized (the Cantle Report and the Denham Report), and the concept of residential “segregation” will be the focus of the analysis. Norman Fairclough’s Textually-Oriented Discourse Analysis (TODA) is the theoretical and analytical tool to be used. Thus this article is a critical interpretive study of the official race-related discourses after the riots of 2001. The main argument of this article is that political and cultural considerations did mystify rather than clarify the reality of ethnic residential patterns. Such process of mystification is, consequently, ideological par excellence.

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 J. Stephen Guffey, Susan Motts, Emily Payne, Timothy W. Clough

Infrared Light as Intervention to Improve Peripheral Sensation in an Individual Suffering from Peripheral Neuropathy: A Case Report

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Abstract:We describe a treatment for patients suffering from peripheral neuropathy. Current treatment is focused on prevention of adverse outcomes, rather than addressing the associated circulatory and sensory deficits common to peripheral neuropathy. We describe the use of near-IR light to address the patient’s sensory loss, pain and lowered function. A 62 year old Caucasian male diagnosed as Type II diabetic was treated in this study. Using the Semmes Weinstein Monfilament Test, the Visual Analog Pain Scale and the Foot Function Index, he was found to have decreased foot sensation, pain and decreased lower extremity function. He received near-IR at 12 J/cm2 per treatment location, 3 times per week for 6 weeks. The light treatment was administered using a hand held probe over the lumbosacral spinal roots paravertebrally and on six locations on each foot. Post testing showed marked improvement in all three areas measured. These improvements were clinically significant based on the established minimally clinically important difference values for each of the three measures. The results suggest that near-IR energy may be an effective intervention to decrease pain, improve function, and increase sensation in individuals suffering from peripheral neuropathy. Basic research suggests that near-IR may increase blood flow. This result is believed to be achieved as a result of the relationship near-IR has with nitric oxide. Additional research is needed to establish the efficacy and generalizability of this treatment for patient populations similar to the patient represented in this case report.

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Thomas Gibin

Analysis of Gait of a Person for Individual Authentication

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Abstract: Gait analysis have been performed in various fields, this comes under biometrics. Biometrics has been used in a wide range of applications, this makes it a precise definition difficult to establish. There are various biometric measures which can be used to help derive an individual’s identity. In this paper Gait recognition is done in order to identify an individual. This method or analysis is a marker less unobtrusive biometric method. This helps in location of an individual; rather it helps in identification of a person at a distance. This paper aims to develop methods for extracting discriminate gait features automatically and passively from low-resolution video. Gait analysis does not require any physical contact; this property helps its use in surveillance application. Two phases have been used in which firstly features of an individual are extracted and stored and then in the recognition phase the stored features are compared with the new features of a new individual. If match is found then the identification is success else rejection is made.

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Ulla, Mark B., MAELT

Analysis of the Language Errors in Writing among BSEE and AB English Students

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Abstract Writing is one of the most challenging language skills in second language learning. In fact, even for those who speak English as a first language, the ability to write requires long, intensive and specialized instruction. Errors in writing can affect not just the form but communication as well. Thus, through this condition, the researcher was challenged to pose this study to identify some language errors that are common in the composition of the English major students who take up Bachelor of Science in Education English and Bachelor of Arts in English enrolled in the 1st semester of academic year 2013-2014 of Father Saturnino Urios University, Butuan City. There were a total of 30 respondents who participated in the study and most of them were in their 3 rd and 4th years in their respective programs. The descriptive method was applied by the researcher. To ensure impartiality on the data presentation, interpretation and analysis, the researcher used statistical tools such as: frequency, and percentage. Further, this paper tries to examine and identify how these language errors affect the communication presented in their writings. More specifically, this paper tries to address the following problems: 1. What language errors are found common in the composition of the respondents? 2. How do these errors affect the meaning of the sentences? What could account for the occurrence of these features? 3. What language intervention program can be proposed to address the needs of the respondents? From the result, it was found out that most of the respondents committed misuse and omission of punctuation marks and pronoun-antecedent agreement which marked the highest percentage of errors the respondents had difficulty to deal with. This was followed by misuse and omission of verb and misspelling being the least committed error.

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P.Elumalai , EK.Elumalai , E.David

Fungi Associated with Deteriorations of Painted Wall Surfaces: Isolation and Identification

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Abstract: The aim of the present study the deterioration of painted wall surfaces in and around Mohanavaram Village in Vellore District. Samples were processed for fungal isolation using the potato dextrose agar. The conventional methods of swabbing and streaking were used. Pure culture of isolates organisms were identified and characterized using standard microbiological technique. The fungus were isolated from deterioration of painted wall surfaces yielded 10 isolates representing 7 different types of fungal species viz., Penicililum sps, A.niger, Rhizopus oryzae, Mucor, Trichophyton, Alternaria alternate and Epidermophyton floccosum. The use antibiotic coated paints would possible to prevent the paint denaturation, improve the shelf life and retain the beauty of the wall paints.

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D.Jayarajan , R. Subashkumar , F.Sylviamary , S.Silvan, EK.Elumalai

Dissemination of Serum Resistant Multiple Antibiotic Resistant Acinetobacter sp in Clinical settings – a New Threat

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Abstract The pathogenic feature including slime production and serum resistant contributes a significant role in virulence of Acinetobacters leading to a successive multi-drug resistant organism in the Clinical care. The present study is sought for isolation and identification of Slime producing, Multi drug resistant Acinetobacter sp in clinical samples. Out of the total 92 samples analyzed 39 (42.3%) were positive for Acinetobacter sp in which 23, 6 and 10 were identified as A.baumanni (59%), A.lwoffi (15.3%) and A.hemolyticus (25.6%) respectively. All the isolates were screened for multiple antibiotic resistant capabilities. The slime production were confirmed in 10 (43.4%), 5(83.3%) and 1(10%) of A.baumannii, A.lwoffi and A.hemolyticus. Similarly 19 (82.6%), 5(83.3) and 8 (80%) of A.baumannii, A.lwoffi and A.hemolyticus were resistant to normal human serum bactericidal activity. In conclusion our study claims that all the serum resistant strains were potential slime producers and expresses high MAR index which appears to be a strong correlation between these virulent factors that leads to high pathogenicity of Acinetobacter sp in the human environment.

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Gholamreza Jandaghi ,Hamid Reza Irani ,Zeinab Sadat  Mousavi ,Maryam Davoodabadi 

Ranking the Knowledge Management Enablers based on University Faculty Members, Staff and Students using AHP Method

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Abstract: Knowledge management can play a vital role in increasing the efficiency and effectiveness of organizations. The earnings from utilizing knowledge management has caused that most organizations try to execute this process. In this study, we aim to assess the ranking and weights of knowledge management enablers based on the faculty members, staff and student in management schools of Qom province in Iran. The results showed that the organizational culture has the most important position while the organizational structure has the least important position in knowledge management in universities. Using a group AHP weighting method resulted in highest weight for organizational culture and lowest weight for organizational culture in developing knowledge management in educational organizations. __________________________________________________________________________

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Chakraborti Bratati, Roy Sharmistha, Pattnaik Prasant Kumar

User Satisfaction Metrics for Cloud Computing Environment

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Abstract: In the field of service computing, cloud computing provides a scalable services and promising delivery platform. Although the specific future of cloud computing is hard to pin, but it has a vital impact in the present world of Information Technology and digitalized business world. The more usable the cloud is the more efficient will be its task performance and making a cloud usable is Usability. The usability aspect is an essential criterion to design services in an interactive way to support the task performance efficiently, effectively and with least navigational time, which increases user satisfaction level. Usability experts have carried out various usability evaluation techniques and metrics (or user satisfaction metrics) which play a significant role in cloud computing environment. Thus usability aspect became essential for designing cloud services and more interactive to support the user at their work. This paper mainly addresses the various usability techniques and evaluation assessment and issues that may be considered while evaluating the usability of cloud services.

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M. Kumara Dhas, Hideo Utsumi, Kazuhiro Ichikawa, Ken-ichi Yamada, Fuminori Hyodo, A. Jawahar, A. Milton Franklin Benial

Diffusion Studies of Redox-Sensitive Nitroxyl Spin Probes through Bilayer Lipid Membranes using 300 MHz Electron Spin Resonance Spectrometer

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Abstract: Electron spin resonance (ESR) studies were carried out for 2mM 14N-labeled deutrated 3-methoxycarbonyl-2,2,5,5- tetramethyl-pyrrolidine-1-oxyl (MC-PROXYL) and 3–carboxy-2,2,5,5,-tetramethyl-1-pyrrolidinyloxy (carboxy-PROXYL) in pure water and various concentrations of liposomal solutions by using 300 MHz ESR spectrometer. The ESR parameters such as the line width, hyperfine coupling constant, rotational correlation time, g-factor, partition parameter and permeability were reported for the samples. The line width broadening was observed for MC-PROXYL and carboxy-PROXYL in liposomal solution. The hyperfine coupling constant was observed for both nitroxyl spin probes. The permeable and impermeable nature of nitroxyl spin probes was demonstrated. The rotational correlation time increases with increasing concentration of liposome. The partition parameter increases with increasing concentration of liposome for MC-PROXYL, which indicates that the nitroxyl spin probes diffuse into lipid membrane. The permeability (R) value decreases with increasing concentration of liposome, which reveals that the increase of membrane permeability. The peaks correspond to lipid phase were observed for MC-PROXYL in liposomal solution, but that peak was not resolved for carboxy-PROXYL. These results confirm the permeable and the impermeable nature of nitroxyl spin probes.

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Abood  Saad N. , Najim  Laith A.  , Jundi Kh. Yousif

Nuclear Structure of the Samarium Isotopes  152-154Sm  Using models of IBM-2 and DDM

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Abstract: Samarium isotopes (Z=62) lie in the traditional rotational to transitional-spherical region that occurs at the range of deformed nuclei. Energy levels, Electromagnetic transitions B(E2), B(M1), mixing ratio  E2/ M1 and monopole transitions BE0 for the selected transitions in 152-154Sm are calculated in the frame work of collective models protonneutron Interacting boson model (IBM-2) and Dynamic deformation model (DDM). The results obtained for 152-154Sm are reasonably in good agreement with the known experimental results. The E0 quantities predicted by the two Models (IBM-2 and DDM) for 03 + states were on the whole in poor agreement with experiment. Furthermore, the microscopic characters of the ground states and the excited 0+ states in Sm152-154 would appear to be sufficiently complex to eliminate any description of them in terms of the simple model. We noticed that most of the experimental and calculated values for the X(E0/ E2) ratio are small, which means that there is a small contribution of E0 transition on the life time of the  0 states.

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Tiwari Sujeet Kumar , Tiwari Neelu , Kumar Raghvendra, Upadhyay Ashish Kumar

A Survey: Concepts of Ontology

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Abstract: This article proposes an approach of construction an ontological intentions based on the work study suggested in the literature. Many methods were proposed in the literature. We are interested to the methods applying to the texts, and more particularly, with the methods to learn ontology starting from textual corpus. This paper presents a construction of an intentions ontology. We state some fundamental principles to respect to build an ontology. We will build the ontology of specific domain which comprises an abstraction levels to knowing a linguistics level, and understanding the effective concepts of the domain and the relations which links them, will be useful for the knowledge extraction between the various semantic contexts, knowing a semantic context is define as being a subset of concepts and relations which link them. The Ontology of Verb Concepts combines linguistic and psycholinguistic classification. The information for verbs encodes typical associations with actions and events. We propose a method by using domain ontology and syntactic-semantic analysis. This article presents experimentation on scientific publications article in the domain of computer science.

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 Mishra Sambit Kumar , Pattnaik Srikanta (Dr.),  Patnaik Dulu(Dr.)

Implementation of query optimization techniques in distributed environment through genetic algorithm

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Abstract In distributed databases, usually the cost of optimization increases while consulting the underlying data sources in the query optimization process. The query optimizer may handle the data sources and the optimization techniques adopted are required to be implemented to all relevant cost information with minimal communication. It is understood that query optimization issues depend upon relations i.e. cardinality, size of a tuple and fraction of tuples participating in a join with another relation. Also it is seen that the query optimization issues depend upon attribute comprising with cardinality of domain, actual number of distinct values and Common assumptions. The query optimization task involves with selecting the plans and sub plans, evaluating the size of plans and sub plans along with cost of plans and sub plans. In many cases the query execution cost is measured in conceptual units. But In a distributed database, the query execution costs must be divided into multiple dimensions. In this paper it is intended to discuss the approaches of query optimization and enumerate the query optimization techniques in distributed environment. As it has been seen that selecting the optimal execution strategy for a query is NP-hard in the number of relations, genetic algorithm may be applied in this case to evaluate plan select value, CPU time, cost of query plans and sub plans including I/O cost. The purpose of doing so is to measure the cost of data sets while dealing with large data sets in the distributed environment.

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Yogesh Yadav , Chakradhar V, Preeti Goswami,S M Nayeem

Unilateral Neural Communication between Radial and Ulnar Nerves at High Humeral Level

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Abstract: Neuroanatomical variations of the brachium constitute an important anatomical and clinical entity. During the educational gross anatomy dissection of axilla and brachium for undergraduate medical students in a 50 yrs old male cadaver we observed a connection between ulnar and radial nerves at high humeral level in left arm. It is very important to know such variations to minimize the possible complications of regional anesthesia and surgery.

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Yogesh Yadav , Preeti Goswami, Chakradhar V

Atlanto-Occipital Fusion with Mid Line Defect of  Posterior Arch of Atlas

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Abstract: Congenital anomalies of posterior arch of atlas are very uncommon and usually asymptomatic. The abnormalities at the cranio-vertebral junction are present in approximately 1% of newborn infants, but they may not produce symptoms until adult life. The following are examples of such congenital anomalies: basilar invagination, assimilation of atlas, atlantoaxial dislocation, Arnold-Chiari malformation, and separate dens of the axis. Assimilation of atlas is due to nonsegmentation at the junction of the atlas and occipital bone. During anthropometric study of 40 skulls in the Department of Anatomy, one skull was discovered, which exhibited assimilation of the atlas to the occipital bone. Knowledge of atlantooccipital fusion may be important for forensic experts, radiologists, anaesthesiologist, orthopaedic and neurosurgeons. Skeletal abnormalities at the craniocervical junction may result in sudden unexpected death. It can also result in dysphagia, dysarthria or torticollis because of compression of cranial nerves.

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Abdollatif Sepahi

Heuristic Algorithms to Solve Cost-Oriented Line Balancing Problem

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Abstract: In many real world assembly line systems which the work-piece is of large size more than one worker work on the same work-piece in each station. This type of assembly line is called multi-manned assembly line (MAL). In the classical multi-manned assembly line balancing problem (MALBP) the objective is to minimize the manpower needed to manufacture one product unit. Apart from the manpower, other cost drivers like wage rates or machinery are neglected in this classical view of the problem. However due to the high competition in the current production location, sinking the production costs and increasing utilization of available resources are very important issues for manufacturing managers. In this paper a costoriented approach is used to model the MALBP with the aim of minimizing total cost per production piece. A mathematical model is settled to solve the problem. Since the proposed model is NP-hard, several heuristic algorithms are presented to efficiently solve the problem. Several examples are solved to illustrate the proposed model and the algorithms.

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Banerjee Indrajit , Mukherjee Roan , Banerjee Indraneel , Banerjee Shantimoy, Sathian Brijesh, Bakthavatchalam Pugazhandhi

Assorted Injuries during Sport Activities among Preclinical Medical Students: A Cross Sectional Study in a Medical College of Nepal

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Abstract: The main objective of the study was to find the different sport injuries found among medical students. This cross sectional study was carried out at Manipal Sanjeevani Clinic, Pokhara, Nepal from July 2008- June 2012. Chi square test and Logistic regression model were used for analytical purpose. Among 122 medical students 70.5% were male .Most common sport that provoked injuries were football 36.1%, basketball 28.7%, cricket 20.5%, volleyball 11.5% and badminton 3.3%. Lower limb was commonly affected in 63.9% cases. Joint that was involved was ankle joint 41.8% followed by wrist joint 19.7%. Contusion was the commonest form of injury 56.6% followed by sprain 37.7% and fracture 5.7%. In 25.4% of the cases hospitalization were required.Male students [OR 3.835(CI 1.695, 8.678) having lower limb injury as compared to females. Male students has [OR 8.095(CI 1.698, 38.595)], [OR 14.571(CI 1.472, 144.28)], [ OR 41.286( 4.572, 372.788)] and [OR 8.831( 2.926, 26.651)] tendency of injury to elbow joint, shoulder joint, knee joint and ankle joint as compared to the females. With proper interventions such injuries can be restricted.

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J. Stephen Guffey, Susan Motts, William Payne

Using Visible and Near-IR Light to Facilitate Photobiomodulation: A Review of Current Research

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Abstract: This review article summarizes the work of our research team. We are engaged in efforts to evaluate the effect of visible and near-IR light on various biologic tissues. Much of our work has dealt with the antimicrobial effect of light. Those examples are discussed in the paper. We are also engaged in examining the use of light to positively address deficits associated with peripheral neuropathies and musculoskeletal injuries. This review article is not intended as a comprehensive treatment of low level light therapy, but rather is intended to summarize our research agenda. We hope this summary can serve as a part of the basic science foundation that will lead to effective use of light energies as an alternative, if not adjunctive, therapy to inhibit the growth of microorganisms that threaten human health and to assist in the management of pain and inflammation associated with soft tissue injury and peripheral neuropathy.

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