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Vol 4 Issue 4

Volume  4  Issue  4

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Amos Bivan Dauda, Iwoketok Uwemedimo Enobong

The Diaspora Compromise in Black Diasporic Literature

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The quest for a “home” and an “identity” has dominated the Black Diasporic Literature. Home is problematised consequent upon the endless search for identity or roots. There has been either a psychological or a physical quest for a home. And the diaspora who finds himself on the fringes of his diasporic location is eventually haunted by an acute sense of exile, alienation and homelessness. This experience of the African diaspora is at best described as the state of exile, homelessness and a perpetual wandering or endless search for a home and an identity that always ends up in a cultural hybridity or Diaspora Compromise. Maya Angelou’s All God’s Children Need Traveling Shoes and Samuel Selvon’s The Lonely Londoners are engaged with the motifs of “home, exile and homelessness,” as the consequence of the Diaspora Compromise

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Abdou, Kh.; Atef A. Hassan;Nour El-Houda Y. Hassan1andHouda, R. Abd El-Hamed

Seasonal Variation in Prevalence of Mycotoxins in Feed and Feedstuffs at Beni-Suef Governorate in Egypt

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Abstract:The prevalence of mycotoxins in animal and poultry feeds under different environmental variations in summer and winter seasons were investigated. One hundred and six samples of feeds were collected (58 samples during summer and 48 during winter seasons)for detection of aflatoxins(Afs) and ochratoxin (OA )contamination. The samples were collected from farms at Beni-Suef governorate in which the animal and poultry suffered from signs of toxicities as vomiting, diarrhea, diminished production of meat and milk and stunted growth. The results revealed that the incidence and levels of mycotoxins in feed during summer season were comparatively higher than in winter season. Where, the Afs residues were detected in all examined samples of (white corn, wheat bran, barseem hay, poultry feed, concentrated feeds and silage)(100%), during summer season . Whereas, in winter season comparatively lower incidence and levels of aflatoxins were detected in samples(yellow corn,  white corn, soya bean, wheat bran, barseem hay, poultry feed, concentrated feeds and silage, cotton seed cake , dairy feed and broiler concentrates) at the rates of incidence of 16.6%, 50%, 33.3%, 70%, 80%, 60%, 75%,62.5%, 50%0% and 66,6%), respectively. Similarly, the detected incidence rates of OA in winter season were also comparatively lower  than that detected in summer season, Where, the OA residues were detected in all examined samples of (white corn, concentrated feeds and silage)(100%), during summer season. Whereas, 83.3% , 50%, 33,3% and 72% of examined yellow corn, wheat bran, barseem hay and  poultry feed  samples were contaminated with OA, respectively. But, in winter season, the OA residues were not detected in all samples of (yellow corn,  white corn, wheat bran, poultry feed and  broiler concentrates), While, the  rates of incidence of OA  in samples of (soya bean, barseem hay, concentrated feeds silage, cotton seed cake and dairy feed) in winter season were (33.3%, 30%, 60%, 25%, 80% and  50%), respectively. Therefore, frequent testing program of the animal feeds and other environmental factors for mycotoxigenic fungi and mycotoxins contamination are a critical demand today to safe the animal and human health.

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Muhayimana Victoire (MBA/project Management). Dr. TWESIGE Daniel

Business Plan Competition Project In Higher Learning Institutions And Its Contribution On Small And Medium Enterprises Growth And Jobs Creation In Rwanda
{CASE STUDY: INES –RUHENGERI, (2014-2016)}

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract:This study focused on business plan competition project in higher learning institutions and its impact on Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) growth and job creation in Rwanda, with specific objectives of assessing the effect of the source of idea of creating the project, assessing the effect of project planning, effect of project implementation and effect of project monitoring and evaluation on the growth of SMEs and jobs creation in Rwanda. A sample of 31 SMEs was taken from a population of 108 innovative and new SMEs which have been created under the formal requirements of a National business plan competition, a project of INES- BIC from 2013 to 2016 and the same sample from a population which never participated in that competition selected in MUSANZE District. The results obtained have shown that, the source of the idea, the business planning, the project implementation and the participated monitoring and evaluation have played a big role to help entrepreneurs who won the business plan competition and created a big impact on Small and Medium Enterprises growth and jobs creation more than the entrepreneurs who did not participate in that competition. Thus, allowed us to conclude that Business Plan Competition project have contributed on Small and Medium Enterprises Growth and jobs creation in Rwanda as shown by a difference statistically significant of 0.045 of significance level in terms of job creation.

 

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Achala T. Abeysundara, S. B. Navaratne, Indira Wickramasinghe, Dinindu Ekanayake

Determination of Changes Occurrence in Important Physical Properties of Paddy during Early Storage

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Abstract:: Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is the staple food in Sri Lanka. Knowledge on physical & chemical changes occurring during storage is important for post-harvest handling of paddy as the harvest has to be stored for a considerable period of time before consumption. Freshly harvested paddies of three rice varieties BG 300, BG 352 & AT 362 were taken, cleaned and dried and stored at ambient environmental conditions (RH 70%-80%, Temperature 260C -300C) for four months. Swelling power, water binding capacity & water absorption capacities all varieties were determined in every two weeks up to four months. Swelling power of BG 352, BG 300 & AT 362 varieties were increased from 7.49±0.06 g/g, 7.15±0.10 g/g, and 7.29±0.04 g/g of to 8.43±0.03 g/g, 8.05±0.09 g/g and 7.73±0.05 g/g during four months storage. Hydration properties were also increased and these incremental values after 4 months storage are significantly different from the initial value (p<0.05).

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Dr. Gan Chee Keong

Liberties, Rights and Remedies: Conceptual Framework, Relationship and the Position in Other Jurisdictions and Malaysia

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Abstract: This article aims to analyse the conceptual framework of liberties, rights and remedies. Subsequently, the article will study the relationship between them in order to find out the best model that describe the relationships. To support the finding, the study will refer to other jurisdictions such as Canada, India and South Africa to affirm that the best model has been adopted in these countries. At the end, the study will look into the position in Malaysia, and hope to shed some light for further study to be carried out in the future.

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Dalia Mohammed Algadi, Ahmed Seif, Alshaikh Algielani

Synthesis, Characterization and Biocidal Studies of Salicylhydroxamic acid and phathalic Salicylhydroxamic acid

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Abstract:The synthesis and characterization of Salicyl hydroxamic acid (SHA) and phathalic Salicyl Hydroxamic acid (PSHA) were done. Elemental analysis IR spectral data of the compounds are discussed and some chemical and physical properties also studied. All the compounds have been tested in vitro against a number of microorganisms in order to assess their antimicrobial properties.

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Wade, Oscar Syed

White flight and the endless cycle of poverty for urban people of color in America

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Abstract:The United States continues to evolve as a divided collection of states, divided by class and race.  Despite public policy, legislation and even social unrest, the cycle continues to roll over those disenfranchised populations.  This essay is a reflection of the Los Angeles poverty trap, yet applicable to the perpetual poverty faces by blacks and Hispanics in Houston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Boston, New York and Atlanta, to name a few.  Being “caught between the freeways” serves as an unfortunate metaphor of continual poverty.  In conclusion, even the escape route through education seems truncated with the most recent considerations that limit access and preparation for America’s most vulnerable population.

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Joseph MJ Renwarin, Desita Ega Indriasari

Rubi Footwear, Adolescent Shoes in Indonesia: Is Customer Satisfaction or Brand Image the Reason for Consumer Purchase Decision on Product Quality?

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Abstract: This research aims to understand the influence of product quality on purchase decision through brand image, and customer satisfaction as intervening variable of Rubi shoes. The researchers employ quantitative methodology and analysis using SPSS 22.0 and SEM LISREL 88.0. The population as many as 384 respondents who buy and use the product are selected to be the sample. The result of hypothesis analysis shows that: product quality does not influence purchase decision; product quality influences brand image; product quality influences customer satisfaction; brand image influences purchase decision; customer satisfaction influences purchase decision.

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El-Hagarey Mohamed E., Hushki M. M. , Szabo Istvan

Fuzzy Logic Model Approaches for Water Saving in Irrigation Systems

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Abstract: Fuzzy logic model will made using MATLAB to validate the various irrigation systems and reported it, the Air temperature, wind, humidity and rainfall will be a membership’s function to result the efficiency of irrigation performance before the irrigation process, the fuzzy information system consists of fuzzy rules which are derived by information of experts or from input-output learning of system. Rules mimics human reasoning. Mamdani method is generally used in fuzzy inference technique, The generalized bell function used for both of  temperature and wind where the triangular function used for humidity and rainfall, the rules were put based on the last experiments and personal experiences, and the Output will change into crisp value from this procedure of defuzzification. There are many different methods to do defuzzification can be done by  but most common technique is centroid method, the resulted surface graphic are enough to monitor, validate and report the irrigation systems efficiency to exact and schedule the irrigation practices managements.

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Aponso Minoli, Marapana Upul, Manawaduge Ranmalie

Process Optimization of Pectinase Enzyme Aided Clarification of Israel Blue (Vitis Vinifera L.) Grape Juice

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Abstract: FIsrael blue grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) consist of thick pulp with high viscosity. The thick pulp, haze and sediment formation creates difficulty in making clear Israel blue grape juice with high juice quality. Hence, there is a need for extraction of juice with high degree of clarification which leads to elevated juice quality. The objective of this research study is to obtain high quality clarified grape juice with the help of Pectinase enzyme. The study was conducted at different enzyme concentrations (0.05 %, 0.15 %, 0.5 %, 1.5 %, 2 %), time durations (1 hour, 2 hours), and temperatures (40 0C, 50 0C). The ratio between Total Soluble solids (TSS) and Titratable Acidity (TA) was measured as the dependent variable to assess the juice quality. Process optimization has been done using General full factorial design. Optimization has been done for maximum ratios of TSS and TA. The recommended parameters for extraction of juice were significant at (p < 0.05) as 2% enzyme concentration at 40 °C incubation temperature for 2 hours incubation time with TSS/TA ratio of 26.46 and 1.5 % pectinase enzyme concentration at 40 0C incubation temperature for 2 hours incubation time with TSS/TA ratio of 24.07.

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Kenji Abe

Unification of the Human—Nature Split On the Organic Planet Earth:To Heal the Destruction of Human Minds and the Natural Environment

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Everybody feels something is wrong with today’s world. People are becoming more self-centered/non-cooperative. The economy is fluctuating as much as the abnormal weather. The natural environment is being destroyed everywhere. In spite of material wealth, our anxiety level is as high as ever. What is wrong with today’s world? And what can we do about it before it is too late? This paper will attempt to answer these questions, which everyone is having today, by indicating what is causing this situation and the clear direction we should follow to change it.

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Kenji Abe

A Solution to the ISIS Crisis

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) problem has become a global concern. The meaning of the slogan “War on Terror” is now so stretched that it almost divides the whole world into Islam and others. This paper aims to provide concrete measures to work on this issue from three separate angles: the local areas where actual battles are continuing, suicide bombings (which are spreading worldwide), and refugee issues. These three issues require leaving more decisive power to the UN so that it can act as the true world headquarters for leading global operations, with grassroots operations closely looking to it for direction. How we handle this ISIS problem, in a sense, will be a model case for the rest of all the global issues we are facing today.

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Kenji Abe

What is a Serial Killer?
What is a Mass Murderer?
How do they Differ?

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Abstract: Serial murder and mass murder are two most violent crimes. However, while many serial killers continue to evade police, mass murderers stop killing and, in many cases, kill themselves or are killed by police after they commit their crimes. Why do they differ in this way, and what are the similarities between these two types of crime? This paper will directly answer the most basic questions about serial and mass murderers.

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