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Vol 4 Issue 3

Volume  4  Issue  3

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Fayzullaeva Nigora

The Problem of the Progressive Development of the Reservations Institution to the International Treaties in Contemporary International Law

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Abstract: The problem of the progressive development of the reservations institutions to the international; treaties in contemporary international law. The author notes that the regime of reservations and other unilateral statements of participants are not settled enough in details. This is due to the fact that the practice of using the reservations by different states is highly controversial. The article touched the issues such as the complexity of interpretation of certain articles of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, the permissibility of reservations in bilateral agreements and reservations in some integration structures.

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Hudaybergenov Behzod

Overview of Uzbekistan’s Bankruptcy Law

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Abstract: In this article studied and analyzed issues of protection of the entrepreneurs ’ rights, restoring solvency of the debtor and satisfaction of creditors’ claims with the use of bankruptcy procedures in accordance with the bankruptcy law of the Republic of Uzbekistan.

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Ilkhamova Malokhat

Experimental Studies on the Phisico –Mechanical Properties of Electrically Conductive Non-Woven Textile from Recycled Fibers for Safety Footwear Midsole

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Abstract:This study presents the experimental investigation of new non-woven textile with electrically conductive properties from the waste conductive yarn and fabrics. Conductive yarn had the following characteristics: composition – 60% cotton, 40% electrically conductive fiber neutron (ECFN), linear density – 50×2 tex, tensile strength – 90 cN/tex, elongation at break – 14.0%, a linear resistivity of 18-20-kOhm/m. As a result of research established the basic physical-mechanical and electrical properties of non-woven textile which can be used as part for safety footwear providing protection against electrical fields, as well as antistatic, conductive footwear.

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Nugmanov Nugman

Problematic Issues of Developing International Standards to Ensure Information Security

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Abstract:The article considers the ways of developing international standards and new mechanisms in the framework of the UN in realization of the unique approach to provide information security and progressive use of ICT.

Based on the analysis of the reports of the UN group of governmental experts to promote the consideration of existing and potential threats in the sphere of information security at multilateral levels, as well as, international legal norms in digital environment, various topical issues concerning the application of international law in the field of information and ensuring international information security are discussed. The author outlined the problems of digital environment on the following issues:

– A common interpretation of the wrongful use of ICT in the international law system;

– Developing relevant international legal framework for combating the use of ICTs in terrorist and criminal purposes;

– International legal support of human rights for the freedom to seek, receive and impart information;

– Protection of critically important information infrastructures; the role of information in the global network Internet. There is no single common understanding of the international community regarding the identified problems and it will cause difficulty in preventing international conflicts involving ICTs. The main problematic task is to develop the criteria to apply international legal norms and methodologies of the adaptation of international law to international relations in the information environment.

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Salaev Nodirbek

Penitentiary Policy of the State in the Context of Sociological, Political and Legal Views: Reality and Prospects

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Abstract:This article is devoted to the sociological, political and legal point of views of organization of the penitentiary system, the problems of modern penitentiary policy of Uzbekistan, promising trends of reforms in this area, and contains the appropriate conclusions and proposals. Moreover in this article also was analyzed both the negative influence of the Soviet repressive prison policy to the Uzbek penitentiary system and the current state of the penitentiary system of Uzbekistan. It revealed the difference between «colony system» and «prison system».

At the same time the author clearly specified the target issues and ways of reorientation and increase of the transparency of the penitentiary system as well as the implementing to the national system international and foreign experience of penitentiary policy.

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Umarkhanova Dildora

Some Issues of International Cooperation in Criminal Cases

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Abstract: In this article, disclosed extradition issues of criminals. In particular, it is analyzed the issues in the application of national laws relating to international cooperation in criminal cases. Moreover, it is noted that the necessity of improving of mechanism of international cooperation in criminal cases that is important to develop of the national legal bases too. In national legislation noted the priority of international law over the provisions in the national legislation. Results showed that the international nature of organized crime requires the urgent conception of new and effective cooperation agreements on a more comprehensive basis. There are some suggestions and recommendations to improve the mechanism in this area.

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Adedire O. M., Odeniyi O. A., Ogundipe W. F., Ibrahim K. O. and Osesusi A. O.

Pathogenicity and Prospective Control of Xanthomonas vesicatoria WI02 Isolated from Infected Tomato Fruit

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Abstract: Species of Xanthomonas cause the black rot disease of tomato, a disease reported to be responsible for over 15% annual loss of tomatoes in Nigeria. Strains of Xanthomonas species were isolated with sucrose peptone agar from infected tomato fruits; only X. vesicatoria WI02 exhibited a positive pathogenicity test result on tomato plant with a severity measure of 5. Subsequently, the pathogenicity and prospective control of this pathogen were further investigated. X. vesicatoria WI02 had a narrow phytopathogenicity spectrum; tomato and pepper were the most susceptible plants to this pathogen with minimum infective doses of 0.4 × 108 and 0.8 × 108 cfu/mL respectively. Aqueous extracts of Kocide (microbial pesticide), Azadirachta indica and Alcalypha indica had similar inhibitory scores against X. vesicatoria WI02 on agar well diffusion plates; subsequently, the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MIC) and minimum bactericidal concentrations (MBC) of these extracts and chemical pesticide were determined. Kocide (MIC: 0.025g/mL; MBC: 0.05g/mL), extracts of Azadirachta indica (MIC: 0.0125g/mL; MBC: 0.0125g/mL) and Alcalypha indica (MIC: 0.025g/mL; MBC: 0.05g/mL) all exhibited significant antimicrobial activities against X. vesicatoria WI02. With an MBC/MIC range of 1-2, all the investigated extracts appeared to possess a bactericidal activity. Aqueous extract of Azadirachta indica leaves could therefore be further investigated as a better and natural alternative to chemical pesticides like Kocide in the control of Xanthomonas infections on tomato

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Bernard, Antoine

The Black Family: A Generational Causality of War

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Abstract:Historically, the black family in the United States has faced several challenges given the destructive experiences throughout the diaspora.  Despite several hardships such as slavery, the Great Depression and following migrations in American history, the black family was somewhat intact until the Vietnam War.  During the period of the first fully integrated war in America, the family structure for blacks also changed. Ironically, the structural change occurred during a period when American also codified some civil rights for black Americans with the 1964 Civil Rights bill and the 1965 Voting Rights Act. This essay will give a brief review of some of the structural changes for the black family and consider war as a compelling factor in the rise of single parenthood in the American black family.

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