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Vol 4 Issue 2

Volume  4  Issue  2

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A. A. Girei, N. D. Saingbe, M. A. Bitrus,., and I. H. Bassey

Revealing the Impact of Fadama III Project on the Income Level of Beneficiary Farmers in Plateau State, Nigeria

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The study examined the impact of Fadama III project on the income level of beneficiary farmers in Plateau State. The assessment was carried out before and after project implementation within five districts in the study area.  The findings were based on the use of structured pretested questionnaires, personal interview and secondary data. One hundred questionnaires were randomly distributed in equal proportions to ten Fadama III beneficiary households belonging to Fadama Users Groups (FUGs) and ten non-beneficiary households which serve as the control group within the same districts.  The Double Difference (DD) estimator was used in determining the outcome measures between beneficiaries and non-beneficiaries of the project. The study revealed that more men (61%) compared to women (39%) participated in Fadama activities in the study area. The use of group participation was encouraged thus the use of FUGs & EIGs.  Most of the participants were married (70%) with few singles (18%) and widows (8%). More young people participated; the average age bracket was 41 years. A reasonable number of literate persons (63%) participated in the programme. Most participants (79%) employ other means of income generation through diversification of enterprises. The average income of beneficiaries before project implementation was N3,051,000.00 while the income of the non-beneficiary group was N3,192,000.00 on the other hand, the real average income of beneficiaries increased  to N4,208,000.00 representing 27.49%, for the non-beneficiaries the income rise to N3,615,000.00 representing 11.7%. The high percentage rise for beneficiaries was as a result of participation in the project.

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Refai, H., Badawy, M. , Sakr, H. , Baraka,Y. and Fayad,M.

Evaluation of Two Different Obturator’s Linings on Retention in MaxillectomyPatients

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract:The aim of the present work was to carry out an evaluation of two different obturator’s linings on retention  in maxillectomy cases. Ten patients participated in the study and the obturators were  formed in 2 sections, with 2 paths of insertion,  a soft liner section in the defect side and the other section formed from flexible acrylic resin. A flexible acrylic obturator frame was designed and remained unchanged to be used for all obturators done for each patient, while 54 different soft liner bulbs were constructed. Measurement of retention was done monthly in 4 phases, 6 months each, over 2 years. In the first year, this was done on the Mollosil obturators without application of silver nano particles, while in the second 6 months with silver nano particles. The same regimen was repeated in the second year on Multisil obturators.  It was concluded that, the preferable protocol for construction of  definitive obturators for maxillectomy patients is to use flexible acrylic frames lined with soft liners, starting with a moderate soft liner as (Mollosil), followed by a firmer soft liner as (Multisil), combined with decontamination of the lining by an antimicrobial agent.

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