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Vol 3 Issue 6

Volume  3  Issue  6

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Ilori, T.A., Dauda.,T.O., Adeniran,. A. A and Adejumo.A.O.D

Non Parametric Analysis of Post-harvest Loses Among Tomatoes (Solanum Lycopersicum) Marketers In Bodija Market Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Tomato marketer suffers economics loss due to non-standardise handling of the produce. The study was conducted to examine the problems associated with postharvest loses among tomatoes marketers in Bodija market, a major tomatoes market hub in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire from sixty respondents using simple random sampling technique and analysed with descriptive statistics. 55.0% of the respondents were within the ages of 40-49years and were mostly female (76.7%) with over 10 years of marketing experience. Wooden basket (62.0%) was mostly used for packaging of tomato and transported by car (38.3%) to the market. It was found that both engineering and non-engineering nature among which high cost of transportation scored high(x = 2.70). Engineering approach tomato at post-harvest should be intensified so as to increase its availability among consumers.

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Sabbour M.M

Protection of tomato crop using Dill oil its nano against Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The autumn tomato variety F.N.8 were planted in two Egyptian governorate Giza and Menofia to control the tomato pin worm Tuta absoluta. under laboratory conditions, the effect of Dill (Anethum graveolens) and nano Dill (Anethum graveolens) on T. absoluta under laboratory conditions which revealed that larval mortality significantly decreased after oil treateatments.
After the target insect pest treated with the nano dill oil the mortality of T. absoluta larvae increased to 59 % after treated with 0.005% of nano dill oil as compared to zero in the control . also, the adult mortality significantly increased to 50% for the crossponding concentration as compared to 99.8% in the control the yield weight significantly increased to 3896± 49.49 and 3952± 96.10 kg/ feddan in plots treated with nano dill ol in Manawat(Giza) and Menofia Governorate), respectively as compared to 2521± 61.81and 2300± 16.60 kg feddan in the control in both two examination areas.

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Sabbour M.M

Influence of the coriander oil and its nano against Tuta absoluta (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The autumn tomato variety F.N.8 were planted in two Egyptian governorate Aswan and Kafer El Skehk  to control the tomato pin worm Tuta absoluta. under laboratory conditions, the effect of coriander and nano coriander  on T. absoluta under laboratory conditions which revealed that larval mortality 56, 43, 33 and 21% after treated with coriander at 5. 2.5, 0.5 and 0.05% . the adult mortality for the corresponding concentration recorded, 54, 40, 30 and 18% , respectively. When the target insect pests treated with the nano coriander oil the percentage of larval mortality significantly increased to 81, 78, 66 and 56% after treated with the concentrations, 0.1, 0.5, 0.05 and 0.005% . the percentage of adult mortality recorded for the corresponding concentrations against adult, 77, 70 62 and 59 %Under semifield conditions the percentage of adult decreased to 18% after treated with0.05%The meanes number fof eggs laid/ female significantly decreased to 2.0±1.1, 4.0±3.1,   8.2±2.1 and 10.0±8.1eggs/ female after 20, 50, and 120 days respectivelythe weight of tomato significantly increase to 3671± 79.49 and 3850± 36.70  Kg/ Feddan  in plots treated with nano coriander in both two governorates Aswan  And Kafer El Shehk   respectively as compared to  2444± 41.81 and 2444± 41.81 Kg/ Feddan in the control , respectively

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Adeeko TO, Mallam A, Ogbochukwu HO and Bello HA

An Assesement of Alpha Radioactivity Concerntration of Groundwater in Kakuri, Kaduna South Local Government Kaduna, Nigeria

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: TPollution is a global problem; of the various forms of pollution, water pollution is probably one of the most important because of it health hazards. Water pollution is the contamination of the water bodies such as lakes, rivers, ocean and underground water by human or natural activities that constitutes a great deal of danger to both plants, animals and man. This could be from activities such as wrongful disposal of sewage, petroleum and refinery wastes, mining wastes, radioactive substances and toxic chemicals and application of nitrates and phosphates fertilizers. The focus of this paper is to determine the level of alpha radioactivity in underground water in kakuri Kaduna south Local Government Area Council of Kaduna state, Nigeria, located within latitude 10o281011 and longitude 7o251011 covering 59 km2 with population of 402,390 by the 2006 census. Five [5] hand dug wells and five [5] boreholes were sampled and analyzed using the portable single channel Gas free MPC2000b-DP detector. The result shows that the range of alpha activity varied from 0.014±0.006 Bq/L to 0.072±0.008 Bq/L with a mean value of 0.037±0.014 Bq/L. This result shows that the alpha activity was far below the recommended value set by world health organization [WHO] which is 0.5 Bq/L per year. Therefore if the water from this samples point is consumed, it poses no threat to the health of the people around the area.

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ABDULLAHI, A and GIREI, A. A

Assessement of the Utilization of Information and Communication Technologies by Crop Farmers in Gombi Local Government Area, Adamawa State, Nigeria

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: The study examined the application and use of information and communication technologies among crop farmers in Gombi Local Government Area of Adamawa State, Nigeria. Multistage sampling technique was used in selecting 120 respondents for the study. Data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistical tools were used to analyse the data. The findings revealed that most (73.7%) of the respondents were male and marginally above half (52.5%) were between the age of 31-40. Majority (90%) of the respondents attained one form of education or the other. Also, 56.4% of the respondents preferred the use of mobile phone to acquire agricultural related information. The result of regression analysis shows that out of seven variables tested, five were significant at 1% and 5% level respectively. The major constraints faced by the respondents were high cost of ICTs, lack of time for training and lack of awareness on ICTs. It is recommended that various and sustainable ICT related programmes should be organized for capacity building to the farmers to update their knowledge on the application of ICT facilities and stakeholders should subsidize the cost of their services to facilitate easy access to information on available innovations. The stakeholders should also help at improving the quality of the services and improve network coverage.

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Abdulhameed A. Girei* and Onuk E.Galadima

Resource-Use Efficiency and Profitability of Maize Production in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: This study examined the resource-use efficiency and profitability of maize production in Lafia Local Government Area of Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Primary data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire administered on 70 respondents who were purposively selected through random sampling technique. The parameters of production function were estimated using double log production function analysis. The values of the parameters were used to estimate the productivity and profitability of the factors of production. The result shows that the coefficient of multiple determinations (R2) was 0.87 implying that about 87% of the variation in the output of maize could be explained by the inputs indicated by the significant F- ratio. The study revealed that the total variable cost of maize production was N51, 901.2/ha, the total farm revenue was N61, 764.0439/ha, the gross margin obtained was N9, 862.8439/ha and the average rate of returns was 0.19 indicating that the maize farmers in the study area earn 19kobo on every naira invested in maize production. Various constraints encountered by the groups of farmers were identified. The study revealed that maize farmers in Lafia were making profit. Although, the level of profit made was low when compared with other studies. Consequently, it can be concluded that if the yield of maize is to be increased, the use of important inputs such as land, labour, seed and fertilizer have to be efficiently utilized.

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Khalid Semab, Qamar Attia

Enslavement of the Other: A Study of ‘No Exit’ and ‘The Respectful Prostitute’

[Abstract] [Full-Text PDF] [html]

Abstract: Man’s life started with Adam and Eve, who were enjoying in the Garden of Heaven, until they became aware of ‘self’ as a separate entity. They became enslaved by the Other, due to which the Fallen Man stumbles and lost the Paradise. Same process of Being, Self-awareness, and enslavement is evident in Jean Paul Sartre’s philosophy of existentialism. This study is an attempt to explore Sartre’s concept of Self and Other. For this purpose Sartre’s No Exit and The Respectful Prostitute has been analyzed to explore the dilemma of modern man of enslaving others. This analysis has been conducted in the light of Sartre’s views of Being and Nothingness (1943). The study reveals that in this modern world, the only way to survive is being for others.

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