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Vol 2 Issue 9

Volume  2  Issue  9

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Samer Manzoor

Frozen Expressions and Interference of First Language Ideas

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Abstract: The research has been conducted to analyze the role of idiomatic expressions in reference of second language learning. The paper aims to observe the phenomenon of comprehension and interpretation of idiomatic language among second language learners. It also desired to find out the different complexities and difficulties a learner can face while learning the other’s cultural pinned language. The research has concluded the results by choosing the qualitative method that is descriptive and theme-based analysis. The descriptive interpretation has been done by considering respondents both languages’ metaphorical, psycholinguistics, cultural, and stylistic aspects respectively.

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Kaoud Hussein A.

Effect of Some Physical Factors on Egyptian subtype H5N1 and its Survivability

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Abstract: Dry and wet litters were spiked with the virus to determine the survivability of the virus in litter at 4,37,40,56 and 70°C. Infected litter packets were exposed to 4°C, 28°C and 56°C, respectively, for different time intervals (½, 12, 24, 48 hr) to determine the infectivity and haemaglutination activity of the virus. The results were revealed that: (1)The virus in water was inactivated after 24 hr at 28 and 37 °C and at 40 °C after 60 min. At 56°C the virus lost its infectivity within 5-15min .At 70oC the virus was killed in a short time and after only 5 minutes of incubation and could not be recovered. (2) The results from the pH inactivation test showed that none of the pH levels (5 and 9) were able to inactivate the tested H5N1 virus following the exposure of 5 min, 10 min and 1 hr. (3) Litter exposed to 37 oC for ½, 12, 24, 48 hr , all embryos were dead within 48 hr of incubation and all the harvested allantoic fluid showed haemagglutination ( HA test) were 210,26 ,25 ,24 ,respectively. (4) At 4 °C, the virus was detected up to 30 th day in wet litter only but the virus lost about50 % infectivity At 37 °C, virus lost 33.32–33.32% , 66.62- 50% infectivity within 12 hr and 24 hr exposure in dry litter, respectively.

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Kaoud Hussein A.

Article Review: Heavy Metals and Pesticides in Aquaculture: Health Problems

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Abstract: Heavy metals and pesticides have begun to raise a public attention in water and aquaculture ecosystems, contribute to the larger problem of aquatic pollution, which can seriously damage the marine environment and cause health hazards to people in some areas. Moreover, increasing pollution of groundwater and surface water from a wide variety of industrial, municipal, and agricultural sources has additionally seriously tainted water quality in these sources, effectively reducing the supply of freshwater for human use. Owing to their toxicity persistence and tendency to accumulate in water and sediment, heavy metals, metalloids and pesticides when occurring in higher concentrations, become severe poisons for all living organisms. In this review we try to draw a spot light on the severe damage caused by heavy metals and pesticides in water and aquaculture ecosystems and also, the potential suggestions to reduce their pollution for sustainability and water conservation.

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Kaoud Hussein A.

Mini-Review: Alternative Therapies of Bovine Mastitis

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Abstract: Mastitis in dairy animals is a multietiological in nature and causing heavy economic losses worldwide. Over decades, much research has been conducted in the area of udder health. Although a variety of treatment and prevention protocols have been developed over the years, success rates have been variable and a true solution to the problem has not been found. Due to treatment limitations, research focus into the control of bovine mastitis has shifted to alternative therapies. In this paper alternative therapies are reviewed and the potential for their application are discussed.

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Kaoud Hussein A.

Advanced Technology for the Diagnosis of Fish Diseases

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Abstract: Nucleic acid–based testing is becoming a crucial diagnostic tool not only in the setting of inherited genetic disease but also in a wide variety of infectious conditions. Molecular diagnostics provides the necessary underpinnings for any successful application. It offers a great tool for assessing therapy response and detecting minimal residual disease. During the last decades or so, molecular techniques have been increasingly employed to diagnose fish diseases. Molecular techniques are potentially faster and more sensitive than culture, serology, and histopathological methods that are traditionally used to identify fish pathogens. In this paper we reviewed briefly and discussed, the advanced techniques used for molecular diagnosis of fish diseases

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Kiani mehdi , alipour reza,habibi hamed , mosala nejad amir hosayn

Online Optimization for the Smart (Micro) Grid

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Abstract: Growing environmental awareness and new government directiveshave set the stage for an increase in the fraction ofenergy supplied using renewable resources. The fast variationin renewable power, coupled with uncertainty in availability,emphasizes the need for algorithms for intelligentonline generation scheduling. These algorithms should allowus to compensate for the renewable resource when itis not available and should also account for physical generatorconstraints. We apply and extend recent work in the_eld of online optimization to the scheduling of generators insmart (micro) grids and derive bounds on the performanceof asymptotically good algorithms in terms of the generatorparameters. We also design online algorithms that intelligentlyleverage available information about the future,such as predictions of wind intensity, and show that theycan be used to guarantee near optimal performance undermild assumptions. This allows us to quantify the bene_tsof resources spent on prediction technologies and di_erentgeneration sources in the smart grid. Finally, we empiricallyshow how both classes of online algorithms, with orwithout the predictions of future availabilitysigni_cantlyoutperform certain `natural’ algorithms..

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Shahedi badi mohamad , nargesiyan mohamad, jamali dehabadi mohamad ali , salehi Mohsen

Application of D-Statcom for Isolated Systems

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Abstract: This paper demonstrates a model of distribution staticcompensator D-STATCOM controller connected to an isolatedsystem. Simulation is performed using Power System Toolboxes andSimulink of standard MATLABsoftware. Two simple PI controllersare used to offer DC bus voltage control and ac bus voltageregulation at the point of common coupling. Results are obtainedfor D-STATCOM applied to a simple isolated distribution systemwhen it is connected to an alternator. DSTATCOM is an importantshunt controller that has the potential to solve power qualityproblems faced by distribution systems. Results show that DSTATCOMis able to regulate unity power factor correction andprovide voltage regulation.

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Naudé, Alaric M.Ed

The Tetragrammaton : Its Phonetics, Phonology, Semantics and Argument for Rendering in Vernacular Languages

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Abstract: The subject of the translation, transliteration and rendering of the Tetragrammaton ( ) into vernacular languages has been one of heated debate. This paper will look into the Phonetics, Phonology and Semantics of the Tetragrammaton as well as the linguistic and scriptural reasons for advocating its translation and equivalent rendering. Considering the original Hebrew texts as well as texts from the 1st through to the 6th Centuries CE of the Septuagint in Greek and Hebrew will provide clear evidence for the appropriateness of translating the Divine Name. Through this powerful linguistic and historical evidence it will also further refute ancient superstitions as well as argume

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Sharma Seema, Sharma Dr. Vidushi

Achieving Harmony In A Temporal World: A Manichaean Study Of The Poetry Of Ted Hughes

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Abstract: Manichaeism was the religion of Mani, which originated in Mesopotamia in the third century A.D. It explained a state of war between spirit and matter, light and darkness, good and evil, creation and destruction and so on. Its mythology interprets the present mixed state of things as a partially successful assault by the darkness on the light, and states that it is the duty of man to restore the separation, largely by ascetic practices. The present study aims at critically examining the elements of Manichaean duality lurking in the psyche of modern man as reflected in the poems of Ted Hughes. Ted Hughes’ so called ‘animal’ poems, on the ultimate analysis, highlight his preoccupation with the baffled psyche of the modern man. Ted Hughes has interestingly drawn a pattern of this Manichaean quest for identity in the temporal world through all his poems. He inspires us to live in harmony with nature, to make a constructive use of our energies and to lead a purposeful life. Hughes was always interested in receiving the primitive Manichaean balance between man and nature. A closer study of Manichaeism in Ted Hughes will illumine the presence of creative-destructive elements as the major thematic paradoxical concepts in his poetry.

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 El-Hagarey, Mohamed E., El-Sabbagh, B. A. , F. Safranyik

Mathematical Model of Engineering and Hydraulic Design Factors of Innovative Pressure Compensating Pottery Dripper

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Abstract:Innovative Pressure Compensating Pottery Dripper (PCPD) is designed and manufactured from local and environmental materials where the basic components of (PCPD) are pottery discs. It is made from Aswan Clay beside the additional material to result at various porosities and volumes. The composites contain dry powder of organic matter (saw dust of a diameter which is less than 1 mm) by 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15% of total mix weight. The basic element of mixes is Aswan clay. Pottery discs are used in designing poly-ethylene dripper to protect and service the pottery discs then the pottery discs were formatted under the designed shape (discs) and dimensions, then the discs become drier aerobically, then it was burned in 800, 900, 1000 and 1100 Celsius at 4 hours, the turn from degree to another after one hour (heating was gradual). The basic target of investigation is (regulating and self-compensating of flow performance through the pottery drippers). Pottery dripper dimensions are designed in three diameters of flow area (13, 17, and 21 mm) and six porosities (P0, P3, P6, P9, P12 and P15), then various types of pottery drippers are tested under three pressure heads (0.5, 0.75 and 1 bar). The main results clear the P6 the PCPD flow is 0.01, 0.02 and 0.04 l/s then for P9 the PCPD flow is 0.1, 0.14 and 0.22 l/s. By the same token, for P12 the PCPD flow is 0.24, 0.3 and 0.36 l/s. Subsequently, for P15 the PCPD flow is 0.336, 0.646 and 1.00 l/s under operating head 0.5, 0.75 and 1 bar respectively. Another significant factor, the exponent of operating head is 0.21, 0.026, 0.12, and 0.335 for pottery porosity P6, P9, P12 and P15 respectively. There is a crystal clear significant influence of pottery porosities on flow. At the same time, there is obviously a significant influence of both of designing flow areas (inside diameter of rubber ring) and operating head on flow. Beside there is significant impact of interaction between the three engineering and hydraulic design factors at LSD = 0.05. Beside the equation of PCPD design was resulted using the mathematical analysis.

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El Sagan M. A. M.

Effect of Polymer on Drought Tolerance of Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.)

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Abstract: An experiment was performed in Desert Research Center experimental station Baloza. North Sinai governorate through 2013/2014 and 2014/2015 seasons to investigate the effect of super absorbent polymers (SAP) was applied as soil addition at the rate of 0, 5, 10, and 15 kg/fed. under different irrigation levels, subjected to five irrigation levels; 40%, 60 %, 80%, 100% and 120% ETc based on crop evapotranspiration (ETc), on growth, yield, chemical composition, water use efficiency and investment ratio of tomato plants. Results revealed that the highest values of growth parameters, yield and its components, Ca (%) and chlorophyll contents were recorded with 100%ETc. There were no significant differences between irrigation treatment 120% and 80% Etc. in most growth and yield parameters. Also, no significant differences between 10 and 15 ton/fed SAP in most studied parameters in both growing seasons. Also, the maximum water use efficiency and investment ratio values were contributed to high (SAP)15 kg/fed combined with 80% of Etc that means we can get high revenue of yield from unit of applied water and save 20% of irrigation water. Linear correlation and regression of tomato traits on each other were carried out. Also, Multiple regression was computed for total yield on the amount of irrigation water (m³/fed.) and rate of SAP (kg/fed.) It may be worth to mention that yield increasing due to amount of irrigation water which was higher than that due to SAP at equal cost.

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Helal Ragab Moussa, Gehad Genidy Mohamed, El Said A. Nouh and Reda Elsayed Abd El Wahed

Application of Gamma Irradiation Technique and Aquatic Plants for Wastewater Treatment

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Abstract: With the increase in population in many of the big cities and the growing industrialization in many countries, the pollution load on the environment was increasing, especially heavy metals and pathogenic bacteria, parasites and viruses. Biosorption and removing some heavy metals such as Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions from the aqueous solutions by dried leaves of Typha domingensis was investigated, The results showed that the removal o f Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions percentages increased as pH, contact time and concentration increased. The results revealed the ability of Typha domingensis to remove heavy metals from the aqueous solutions but there was a distinctive variation in biosorpency. Pb(II) ion was the most adsorbed among other metal ions then Cd(II) ion, and the lowest was Cu(II) ion. It was found that the adsorption process of Cd(II), Pb(II) and Cu(II) ions followed second order rate kinetics. The utilization of ionizing gamma irradiation techniques of sewage water offers an efficient, simple and reliable method to produce pathogen free wastewater. This study demonstrated the potential of gamma irradiation to disinfect sewage to increase the water quality in the wastewater by lowering the total heterogeneous bacteria.

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Helal Ragab Moussa, Abdel-Aziz Fatouh Abdel-Aziz Mohammed, Hussein Galib Osman,Moataz Ahmed Naguib Abd-Allah

Amelioration of Oxidative Stress Induced by Gamma Irradiation in Rats Using Spirulina platensis

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Abstract: Radiation exposure of living organisms is known to produce many harmful effects in biological systems due to generation of free radicals. Many antioxidants have been investigated as hepato-protectors against ionizing radiation induced injury since they reduce the oxidative effect of the reactive oxygen species on normal cells. Spirulina platensis is a potent scavenger of a variety of free radicals. The aim of this study was to investigate the radio-protective effect of Spirulina platensis algae against oxidative stress and tissue injury caused by gamma radiation. Rats irradiated at 5 Gy delivered as single dose produced a significant decrease in albumin, total protein and globulin levels as compared to normal control rats. However, γ-irradiated rats pre-treated with Spirulina increased significantly albumin, total protein and globulin levels as compared to gamma irradiated rats (5 Gy). Rats irradiated at 5 Gy produced a significant increase in the activity of the liver enzymes, ALT, AST, ALP and GGT. Meanwhile, gamma irradiated rats pretreated with Spirulina platensis decreased significantly ALT, AST, ALP and GGT as compared to gamma irradiated rats. Gamma irradiated rats increased significantly cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and LDL as compared to normal control rats. Also, gamma irradiated rats pre-treated with Spirulina platensis decreased significantly cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL and LDL as compared to gamma irradiated rats. Kidney function tests, creatinine, urea and potassium increased significantly in γ-irradiated rats as compared to normal control rats. Meanwhile, in Spirulina platensis pre-treated animals before irradiation decreased significantly creatinine, urea and potassium as compared to gamma irradiated rats. . Gamma irradiated rats (5 Gy) decreased significantly the antioxidant enzyme activity of GSH, GPX, CAT, and SOD as compared to normal control rats. Also, γ-irradiated rats pre-treated with Spirulina increased significantly GSH, GPX, CAT, and SOD as compared to γ-irradiated rats. It was concluded that administration of Spirulina platensis algae possess a radio protective capacity against ionizing-radiation induced oxidative stress and organ injury. Thus, supplementation with Spirulina platensis may have a benefit for safe application of radiation technology in medicine and industry.

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Mokif Sarah Abdulkareem , Abdull Mahdi Ibtihal Muiz

Effect of some Medicinal Plants in Reducing Aflatoxicosis on Erythrocytes and Organ Weights in Albino Rat

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Abstract: The aim of this study is to show the effect of some medicinal plants such as green tea (Camellia sinensis) and olive oil( Olea europaea L.) on erythrocytes count and organ weights (liver, kidney, intestiane) in female albino rat treated with aflatoxin B1. The study showed that aflatoxin B1 had significantly reduced (P> 0.05) some of the physiological blood standards represented by the erythrocytes count in females albino rat. The count of erythrocytes had decreased to 3800000 cell / mm³ in comparison with control which was about 5200000 cell / mm³.The study also showed that green tea and olive oil had great impact in reducing the toxic effects caused by aflatoxin B1 on female albino rats .The count of erythrocytes in treatment fed aflatoxin with green tea had inecreased to 4583333cell / mm³compared with aflatoxin B1 alone, while the treatment fed aflatoxin with olive oil rate had increased to 4600000 cell /mm³. In addition, the weight of liver, kidney, and intestine increased because of aflatoxin B1, while their weights decreased with green tea and olive oil treatments.

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Dr. Harjot Kaur Dhatt, Sakshi Rishi

Study of Self-efficacy and Optimism of B.Ed. Students

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Abstract: The position of a B. Ed. student is distinct from a regular student. As they are teachers to be, they have to fulfill his/her duties of a student and as well as of a teacher. Self-efficacy and optimism are central constructs in understanding student’s motivation and life orientation. This paper finds emperical evidences to the theoreticaly percieved relation between self-efficcay and optimism. Statistical analyses revealed that there is positive correlation between self-efficacy and optimism. Regression analyses showed significant contribution of optimism in deciding one’s self-efficacy. Hence, there should be more positive environment during B.Ed. course to enhance self-efficacy which is further a good contributor in determing achievemnt of students

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